The Polish Scientist and Astronomer named Copernicus, is credited with proving that the Planets revolve or circle the Earth instead of everything revolving or circling the Earth.
It is a widely held story, that has been passed down for centuries, that Copernicus released/published this on this death bed so to avoid persecution by the Catholic Church. After all, the Church wanted everyone to believe that the Sun and Planets revolve around Earth, because "God created Earth." After all, it does appear they revolve around the Earth - every day the Sun "appears' to go across the sky and revolve/circle Earth in outer Space.
Upon further reading though, I have learned that Copernicus idea of the planets circling the sun was well known in his circles and by scholars much earlier than when he was on his death bed - his idea, by the way, of the sun being the center of our solar system is called the Heliocentric model.
So, what I've and many others learned, were taught, and thought over the years is not correct. The article I link to below explains why: